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 Alcohol-Related Birth Defects

 Alcohol-Related Birth Defects FactThe most common alcohol-related birth defect is fetal alcohol syndrome.  Symptoms may include facial anomalies, low birth weight, learning diabilities, and mental retardation.


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) describes a continuum of permanent birth defects caused by maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy, which includes, but is not limited to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Approximately 1 percent of children are believed to suffer from fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

Over time, as it became apparent through research and clinical experience that a range of effects (including physical, behavioral, and cognitive) could arise from prenatal alcohol exposure, the term Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, or FASD, was developed to include Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) as well as other conditions resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure.[4] There are a number of other subtypes with evolving nomenclature and definitions based on partial expressions of FAS, including Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (PFAS), Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND), Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD), and Fetal Alcohol Effect (FAE).

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  Alcohol-Related Birth Defects Listings

Alcohol-Related Birth Defects - extensive website with information on fetal alcohol syndrome and other birth defects

Alcohol-Related Birth Defects - excellent information source

Alcohol and Drug-Related Birth Defects - provided by the Northeast Communities Against Substance Abuse

Infant Health - information and myths surrounding alcohol related birth defects

 

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