Current Location:  Medical ResourcesAlopecia

Alopecia

 Alopecia FactAlopecia is the medical term given to hair loss.  Androgenetic alopecia, or male/female pattern baldness, accounts for greater than 95% of all hair loss cases.


Alopecia is a medical term relating to loss of hair from the head or body, sometimes to the extent of baldness. Although alopecia can be due to aesthetic depilation of body hair, it tends to be involuntary and unwelcome. One example is androgenic alopecia. Alopecia can also be caused by the psychological compulsion to pull out one’s own hair (trichotillomania). It can also be the consequence of voluntary hairstyling routines such as ponytails or braids, or due to hair relaxer solutions, and hot hair irons. In some cases, alopecia is due to underlying medical conditions, such as iron deficiency. Hair loss can occur in patches. Generally this is due to alopecia areata. Alopecia areata typically presents with with sudden hair loss causing patches to appear on the scalp or other areas of the body. If left untreated, or if the disease does not respond to treatment, complete baldness can result in the affected area, or alopecia totalis. When the entire body suffers from complete hair loss, it is alopecia universalis. It is similar to effects that occur with chemotherapy.
  Related Topics

 

Hair Loss      
There may be one or multiple factors leading to hair loss, which may be summarized as under:

1. Local factors
2. General factors
3. Psychological factors
4. Miscellaneous

1. Local factors:
Some of the local factors or conditions associated with hair loss are:
(a) Local skin disorders:
Certain local skin ailments are known to lead to hair falling. Local skin infections such as Fungal infection (Tinea capitis), pyoderma, secondary syphilis, etc. Non-infectious conditions such as Dandruff, psoriasis, lichen planus, eczema, etc.
(b) Local exposure to toxins:
Over use or abuse with chemical based shampoos, soaps, lotions are known to produce hair falling.
(c) Scalp carelessness:
Unhygienic measures in scalp care may lead to air falling. For instance, infrequent head wash, over exposure to harsh sun without protection, exposing the head to industrial fumes, etc.

2. General factors:
(a) Deficient Nutrition:
Overall all deficiency of nutrition may affect the growth and quality of hair. Deficiency of vitamins B Group, Vitamin A, may lead to hair falling. Deficiency in proteins, iron, certain minerals may affect the hair growth, leading to hair falling. Iron deficiency due to a wide range of reasons such as excessive bleeding, restricted intake of iron forms an important cause of hair falling, especially found in females. The deficiency as above may be either due to faulty intake or which may have occurred due to certain systemic disorders such as Mal-assimilation or mal-absorption syndrome. It may occur following any prolonged acute or sub-acute diseases such as Irritable Bowel syndrome.
(b) Hormonal variations:
Certain hormones including androgen, estrogen and progesterone variations during different phases in life may bring about hair falling in excess. Thyroid hormones form another important group of disorders responsible for hair falling in some cases. Menopausal age hence makes one prone to have hair falling. Post pregnancy and child-birth is another example.
(c) Post-acute-ailment:
Certain acute diseases are known to leave behind a weakened vitality leading one to have hair falling. For examples: Pneumonia, viral infections, typhoid, etc.
(d) Medicine and Drug induced:
Certain chemical medicines have known toxicity on the hair roots and growth. Long term use of chemotherapy, cancer medication, steroids, antibiotics, antiepileptic, antihypertensive medications etc. have been observed to produce hair falling in some patients, as per a study at our center. Contraceptive tablets are also known to induce hair falling.

3. Psychological factors:
The mind plays a vital role in maintaining the health in general developing a wide range of disorders, such as hair falling in particular.

Emotional stress is an epidemic condition prevailing in the world today. There is no single emotion, which may be figured out as a victim. In our experience, any and every emotion, which was experienced intensely, may cause a constitutional disorder affecting the physiological functioning of the hair growth.

Some of the examples of emotional stress may be summarized in brief as under: Intense anxiety about any important matter. Sadness or depression in one's life, which may be arising after marital disharmony or job dissatisfaction or unhappy social structure, etc. Grief due to unexpected events in one's life such as loss of a family member, loss in business, major set back in life, etc. A long-standing fear and apprehensive habit. And so on. Similarly, certain unhealthy attitudes such as aggressive behavior, violent expressions, hurried and impatient behavior, and like.

To put it in nutshell, the personality type plays a greater role in most cases of hair falling and that should form in turn, the major criterion to decide the correct line of treatment for hair falling.

4. Miscellaneous:
Some lesser common factors are industrial toxins, intoxicated water (with high levels or minerals and metals), local dermal infection, local allergic ailment, etc.

  Alopecia Listings

Alopecia Information and Resources - provided by follicle.com

Alopecia - an interactive tutorial

Hair Loss Disease - information including a discussion forum

 

 

 

Next 5 Topics
Alzheimer’s Disease - Amyloidosis - Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis - Anal Itch - Anaphylaxis

Important Medical Disclaimer
e-malta.com is for educational purposes only; information contained within should not be used to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease. Please consult a licensed health care provider regarding your medical condition.

IN NO WAY SHOULD OUR WEB SITE AND ONLINE GUIDES BE CONSIDERED AS OFFERING MEDICAL ADVICE! THE CONTENT ON THE SITE IS PRESENTED IN SUMMARY FORM, IS GENERAL IN NATURE, AND IS PROVIDED FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. NEVER DISREGARD MEDICAL ADVICE OR DELAY IN SEEKING IT BECAUSE OF SOMETHING YOU HAVE READ ON THIS WEBSITE.

The materials provided at this site are for informational purposes and are not intended for use as diagnosis or treatment of a health problem or as a substitute for consulting a licensed medical professional. Check with a physician if you suspect you are ill, or believe you may have one of the problems discussed on our website, as many problems and disease states may be serious and even life-threatening. Also note that while we frequently update our website's content, medical information changes rapidly. Therefore, some information may be out of date or even possibly inaccurate and erroneous. If you find information on our site that you believe is in error, please let us know. We make no representations or warranties with respect to any information offered or provided on or through our website regarding treatment, action, or application of medication. Neither e-malta.com, or any of its Members and Affiliates will be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages.